© Borgis - Postępy Nauk Medycznych 9/2010, s. 758
Acute poisoning with exogenous substance independently from the intention of victim is the state potential danger to the lives. For the smooth conduct it is necessary to early diagnosis on the basis of clinical symptoms and the clinical examination. Results of laboratory tests and auxiliary toxicological significance, in particular, that in the case to implement rescue procedures (decontamination, helping eliminate, give references) important is the time, which expired since exposure.
The full assessment of the degree of exposure of the patient is difficult. The reliability facts obtained from poisoning victims intended is uncertain. If not patient may or do not want to provide information, question needs to be addressed to the family and friends or persons providing first aid. Valuable is gaining empty vials or containers with taken substance inside. Important for the proper diagnosis and treatment are information of the name, the quantities, the time it measure and by its adoption, the subjective and objective symptoms, which appeared after his you of the quantity and type constantly medicines taken by the patient, abuse of a previous cases medicines, on the associated been injuries, as to the possible pregnancy.
The health system in which a patient with the prevailing showing symptoms of the one organ was transported by road to the chambers entertainment various branches were causing that many poisoning incidents was not properly diagnosed. Setting up Emergency Departments, in which diagnosed are patients is from many organs, causes, that the patient receives, in the early phase disease, the wider diagnosis and by the faster aiming proper identification and implementing an effective treatment.
Multi-departmental hospital rescue branches have become so often place diagnosis and hospital patients with stringent poisoning in particular in the absence of any branches toxicology in the area. It is a natural consequence accidental poisoning and increasing the number targeted, especially among young people mainly from the environment big. Now the term toxicity is not confined to the relationship has traditionally been identified as "poisons” but is based on biological effects of the substance at the molecular level, depending on its concentration, the dose and/or exposure time. In this approach compounds commonly used and considered potentially non-toxic may pose a threat to health and even life.
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