© Borgis - New Medicine 2/2014, s. 72-74
*Judit Kormos-Tasi1, László Szabó1, Éva Bossányi2, Erika Gácsi1, Márta Jávor1
Results of the child obesity – „Tabula rasa” screening program
1Faculty Health of Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
Head of Faculty: prof. Zoltán Zsolt Nagy, PhD
2Heim Pál Children Hospital, Budapest, Hungary
Head of Hospital: Anikó Nagy, MD, PhD
Aim. In Budapest, between April 2010 and May 2011 we carried out a screening program by the competition of the Capital Council along with the medical and professional supervising of the „Heim Pál” Hospital on 2467 students between the age of 15 and 18 (1509 girls and 958 boys). Looking at their health behaviour they belong to the risk group, as they do not care enough about themselves or not in the right way.
Material and methods. In the health screening program the aimed group was the students in the 10th or 11th year in high school. The participation in the screening program was voluntary and had to be contributed by the parents. The screening and the following medical consultations areas are: full orthopedic screening, eyesight screening, hearing screening, dentistry screening, internal medicine screening, celiac screening, cardiovascular screening and mental hygiene test.
The cardiovascular screening of pre-recorded professional medical protocol, blood pressure, heart rate, body composition determination, BMI, cholesterol, blood glucose was present. Body Mass Index (weight/height2) value was calculated.
The body composition measurements were done by the InBody3.0 multi-frequency, segmental impedance meter. This survey was used in the body fat values. Among boys above 25%, among girls above 30% we considered the body fat abnormally dangerous (1). We measured the blood pressure by an automatic blood pressure meter after a rest. According to the Hungarian Hypertension Association’s advice we considered the 130 mmHg systolic and 85 mmHg diastolic as the boarder of the hypertension. For the determination of the cholesterol and blood glucose we used an enzymatic, colorimetric methodology. The serum cholesterol level above 5.0 mmol/l in fasting blood glucose 5.5 mmol/l was considered abnormal.
Processing the details was done by Microsoft Office Excel.
Results. The tests showed that there were 231 cases of high body fat percentage, 671 cases of high blood pressure, changes in lipid values in 64 cases, high in fasting blood glucose in 37 cases.
Conclusions. The results of the cardiovascular tests confirm that obesity among youngsters is increasing. Family paediatricians, school doctors and health visitors working in primary care it is very important to influence and stimulate youngsters towards a healthy way of life and to prevent sickness.
Obesity is one of the most common problems occurring in the developed countries. The numbers are increasing both among the adult and child society. In Hungary the prevalence among the child society is between 9-10% (National Institution of Child Health, 2012).
In 1998 the WHO declared obesity as a disease. Obesity, and other metabolic, endocrine and musculoskeletal lesions originated from obesity is seen as one of the biggest public health related problem nowadays.
Obesity increases the morbidity and mortality rates, furthermore, in relation with child obesity there are more and more NIDDM (non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus) patient.
Due to fatness, physical fitness reduces, so does lifetime, cholesterol level increases and also high blood pressure might occur. The National Institute of Child Health (NICH), according to the test results carried out by family paediatricians and health visitors, determined that in Hungary between 1996 and 2004 among children aged from 5 to 17, the frequency of obesity increased up to 7% by the age of 17 (2).
According to estimations, in 2006 there were 22 million obese adult and 5 million obese children, in Europe (3). According to American researches the prevalence of obesity tripled between 1976 and 2000 (4).
Obesity causes not just somatic lesions, but also can lead to psychical problems. Due to the psychosocial effects the children’s self-assessment deteriorate, might isolate from the environment, and due to unsuccessful diets eating disorders (anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa) could be formed.
There could be several reasons behind the emergence of obesity among children, such as environmental or social issues. Although, obesity became a problem in the past few decades, and it could not be explained only by the genetic predispositions. By social reasons we could think about the stimulation to overconsumption by advertisements, the free time spent in front of the TV and the sedentary lifestyle.
The presence of obesity among children could lead to lesion in the cardiovascular, respiratory, and the operation of endocrine organs, just as metabolism, and could lead to orthopaedic problems. The problems related to the metabolism mainly are carbohydrate and lipid metabolism.
Diseases rooted from obesity could be significantly reduced by prevention, preventing the obesity, as well as the recognition of it in time. In Hungary, the role of the paediatricians and health visitors on the field in schools highly important in the prevention.
MATERIAL AND METHODS
The students (aged between 15 and 17, n = 2467) arrived to the Heim Pál Hospital from 19 high schools of Budapest. Firstly, we measured their height and weight, so we could calculate their Body Mass Index (weight/height2).
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