© Borgis - New Medicine 3/2014, s. 83-85
*Konrad Wroński1, 2, Maciej Biernacki2, 3, Andrzej Lachowski2
Giant simple non-parasitic hepatic cyst – case report and review of literature
1Department of Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
Head of Department: prof Sergiusz Nawrocki, MD, PhD
2Department of Surgical Oncology, Hospital Ministry of Internal Affairs with Warmia and Mazury Oncology Centre, Olsztyn, Poland
Head of Department: Andrzej Lachowski, MD
3Department of General Surgery, Hospital Ministry of Internal Affairs with Warmia and Mazury Oncology Centre, Olsztyn, Poland
Head of Department: prof. Jadwiga Snarska, MD, PhD
Giant simple hepatic cysts are observed in less than 5% of the general population. Cysts are usually seen in patients older than 40 years old, but giant cysts are diagnosed in patients older than 50 years old. Hepatic cysts are more commonly diagnosed in females than in males (49:8). There are observes more often in the right lobe of the liver. Most of the simple hepatic cysts are asymptomatic and do not indicate abnormal liver function. The authors of this article presented a case of a woman who was admitted to the hospital because of giant simple hepatic cyst. The patient was suffering for abdominal pain for two years. She underwent surgical operation and left the ward in the 5th day after surgery. After operation the symptoms of disease were alleviated. The authors performed a literature review on giant hepatic cysts.
Giant non-parasitic simple hepatic cysts are observed in less than 5% of the general population (1). Cysts are usually seen in patients older than 40 years old, but giant cysts are diagnosed in patients older than 50 years old (2). Hepatic cysts are more commonly diagnosed in females than in males (49:8) (3). There are observes more often in the right lobe of the liver (3). Most of the simple hepatic cysts are asymptomatic and do not indicate abnormal liver function (4).
A 73-year-old white lady, Caucasian race, referred to the Department of Surgical Oncology due to diagnosed in computer tomography giant simple hepatic cyst. The patient has reported pain in the right hypochondrium region for two years. She had no any other symptoms, drug abuse and there was no history of weight loss and loss of appetite. She had cholecystectomy in early 90’s XX century. There was no history of carcinoma in patient family.
On physical examination, in the right hypochondrium patient reported pain. There were no peritoneal symptoms. Blood tests were normal and indicators of liver function was with normal limits. There was no histopathology examination of the fine-needle aspiration biopsy before planned surgery.
Abdominal CT image shows giant simple hepatic cyst diameter 110 x 74 x 120 millimeters (fig. 1). CT image shows a solitary, thin walled, cystic lesion located in area were was located gallbladder and in 4th liver segment. Hepatic cyst modeled adjacent vessels and oppressed for extended piecewise around changing the bile ways. Common bile duct was not extended.
Fig. 1. Abdominal CT image shows giant simple hepatic cyst diameter 110 x 74 x 120 millimeters. CT image in axial view shows a solitary, thin walled, cystic lesion located in area were was located gallbladder and in 4th liver segment.
The patient was taken to the operating room for partial excision of the giant hepatic cyst. After entering the abdominal wall a giant hepatic cyst was opened (fig. 2, 3). About 3 liters of serous fluid was aspirated and 80% of the cyst wall was removed. The material was sent for routine histopathology examination. The time of surgery was about 60 minutes.
Fig. 2. Thin wall of giant simple hepatic cyst.
Fig. 3. Aspiration of serous cystic fluid during an open surgery.
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