Ponad 7000 publikacji medycznych!
Statystyki za 2021 rok:
odsłony: 8 805 378
Artykuły w Czytelni Medycznej o SARS-CoV-2/Covid-19

Poniżej zamieściliśmy fragment artykułu. Informacja nt. dostępu do pełnej treści artykułu tutaj
© Borgis - New Medicine 3/2014, s. 79-82
*Sylwia Merkiel, Wojciech Chalcarz
Selected indices of health status in 6-year-old children and their families from southern Poland
Food and Nutrition Department of the Eugeniusz Piasecki University School of Physical Education in Poznań, Poland
Head of the Department: prof. dr hab. Wojciech Chalcarz
Summary
Aim. The aim was to analyse selected indices of health status in 6-year-old children and their families from southern Poland.
Material and methods. The studied population comprised 120 six-year-old children, 64 girls and 56 boys, who attended the last grade in the preschools in Nowy Sącz and the vicinity. The children’s parents filled in questionnaires on selected indices of health status of the children and their families. Statistical analysis was carried out by means of the IBM SPSS Statistics 21 computer programme. The studied population was divided according to gender.
Results. Boys were characterised by statistically significantly higher birth weight than girls, 3.5 kg and 3.3 kg, respectively. Most children, 78.0%, took vitamin and mineral supplements, and substantial percentages of the children took medicines and suffered from food allergies or other allergies, 22.9%, 10.4% and 14.7%, respectively. Substantial percentages of parents informed that there were diet-related
INTRODUCTION
The needs of children, concerning both physical activity and nutrition, are great due to the children’s rapid growth and development (1-4). To satisfy these needs and provide adequate conditions for appropriate growth and development, educational programmes for parents and other caregivers should be worked out and implemented, as well as intervention programmes aimed at educating caregivers on how to teach the children healthy food habits and the habit of daily physical activity. However, to work out an effective educational strategy and a successful intervention programme, it is indispensable to know the health status of the children and their families. Health status provides important information about what special recommendations on nutrition and physical activity should be included.
AIM
The aim of this study was to analyse selected indices of health status in 6-year-old children and their families from southern Poland.
MATERIAL AND METHODS
The studied population comprised 120 six-year-old children, 64 girls and 56 boys, who attended the last grade in the preschools in Nowy Sącz and the vicinity. The preschools were associated with the Nowy Sącz League of Preschools and Schools Promoting Health. All the details on recruiting the children for the study are described in the previous article (5). The children’s parents filled in questionnaires on selected indices of health status of the children and their families. When analysing positive answers to the questions about diet-related diseases in the children’s families, the following answers were taken into account: mother, father, grandmother, grandfather, great-grandmother, great-grandfather, aunt (but only the mother’s or father’s sister) and uncle (but only the mother’s or father’s brother). The study was approved by the Bioethics Committee of the Poznań University of Medical Sciences.
Statistical analysis was carried out by means of the IBM SPSS Statistics computer programme, version 21. The studied population was divided according to gender. Means and standard deviations were calculated for children’s birth weight. This variable was also analysed using the Shapiro-Wilk statistic for testing normality. Since the variable was not normally distributed, the non-parametric Mann-Whitney U test was used to investigate statistically significant differences. The level of significance was set at p ≤ 0.05.
Qualitative variables were presented in contingency tables. Statistical significance was determined using Pearson’s chi-square test, except for the variables with more than 20% of cells with an expected frequency of less than five. In this case, the Mann-Whitney U test was used. The level of significance was set at p ≤ 0.05.
RESULTS
Table 1 shows health status of the studied 6-year-old children and their families. Boys were characterised by statistically significantly higher birth weight than girls, 3.5 kg and 3.3 kg, respectively.
Table 1. Health status of the studied 6-year-old children and their families.
VariableGirls
(n = 64)
Boys
(n = 56)
All children
(n = 120)
Birth weight (kg)3.3 ± 0.51*3.5 ± 0.41*3.4 ± 0.51
Food allergies (%)9.711.310.4
Other allergies (%)12.916.714.7
Taking medicines (%)19.027.322.9
Taking vitamin and mineral supplements (%)81.074.578.0
Familial diabetes (%)29.736.432.8
Familial obesity (%)23.420.021.8
Familial myocardial infarction (%)18.821.820.2
Familial hyperlipidaemia (%)4.71.83.4
1mean ± standard deviation
*asterisks denote statistically significant results (p = 0.044)

Powyżej zamieściliśmy fragment artykułu, do którego możesz uzyskać pełny dostęp.
Mam kod dostępu
  • Aby uzyskać płatny dostęp do pełnej treści powyższego artykułu albo wszystkich artykułów (w zależności od wybranej opcji), należy wprowadzić kod.
  • Wprowadzając kod, akceptują Państwo treść Regulaminu oraz potwierdzają zapoznanie się z nim.
  • Aby kupić kod proszę skorzystać z jednej z poniższych opcji.

Opcja #1

19

Wybieram
  • dostęp do tego artykułu
  • dostęp na 7 dni

uzyskany kod musi być wprowadzony na stronie artykułu, do którego został wykupiony

Opcja #2

49

Wybieram
  • dostęp do tego i pozostałych ponad 7000 artykułów
  • dostęp na 30 dni
  • najpopularniejsza opcja

Opcja #3

119

Wybieram
  • dostęp do tego i pozostałych ponad 7000 artykułów
  • dostęp na 90 dni
  • oszczędzasz 28 zł
Piśmiennictwo
1. Merkiel S, Chalcarz W: Nutrition in preschool age: Part 1. Importance, reference values, methods of research and their application. Review. New Med 2007; 3: 68-73. 2. Merkiel S, Chalcarz W: Żywienie dziecka aktywnego fizycznie. Nutrition for the physically active child. Med Sport (Polish J Sport Med) 2010; 26(4): 165-177. 3. Merkiel S, Chalcarz W: Challenges of dietary intake assessment in preschool children – conclusions from a dietary intervention study on Polish preschoolers. New Med 2014; 2: 47-51. 4. Ożdziński J, Chalcarz W: Zdrowie przez wychowanie fizyczne i sport. Wych Fiz Zdrow 1994; 4: 193-197. 5. Merkiel S: Dietary intake in 6-year-old children from southern Poland: part 1 - energy and macronutrient intakes. BMC Pediatrics 2014; 14: 197. 6. Chalcarz W, Merkiel S: Analysis of physical activity in preschool children from Piła. Part 1. Ordinary and additional physical activity and favourite ways of spending leisure time. New Med 2014; 1: 3-11. 7. Chalcarz W, Merkiel S, Hodyr Z: Nutritional status of preschool children from Pabianice. New Med 2008, 2: 29-35. 8. Merkiel S, Chalcarz W, Deptuła M: Porównanie aktywności fizycznej oraz ulubionych form spędzania czasu wolnego dziewczynek i chłopców w wieku przedszkolnym z województwa mazowieckiego, in Polish. (Comparison of physical activity and favourite ways of spending free time in preschool girls and boys from the Mazowsze region.) Rocz Państw Zakł Hig 2011; 62: 93-99. 9. Merkiel S, Chalcarz W, Roszak M: Analiza aktywności fizycznej dzieci w wieku przedszkolnym z Darłowa. Część I. Zwykła i dodatkowa aktywność fizyczna oraz ulubione formy spędzania czasu wolnego. Med Rodz 2014; 1: 3-11. 10. Wojtyniak B, Goryński P, Moskalewicz B (red.): Sytuacja zdrowotna ludności Polski i jej uwarunkowania, in Polish (Health status of the Polish population and its determinants). Narodowy Instytut Zdrowia Publicznego – Państwowy Zakład Higieny, Warszawa 2012. 11. Baïz N, Slama R, Bènè MC et al.: Maternal exposure to air pollution before and during pregnancy related to changes in newborn’s cord blood lymphocyte subpopulations. The EDEN study cohort. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011; 11: 87. 12. Devereux G, Barker RN, Seaton A: Antenatal determinants of neonatal immune responses to allergens. Clin Exp All 2002; 32: 43-50. 13. Sicherer SH, MD, Sampson HA: Food allergy: Epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2014; 133: 291-307. 14. Główny Urząd Statystyczny (Polish Central Statistical Office): Stan zdrowia ludności Polski w 2009 roku, in Polish (Health status of the Polish population in 2009), Zakład Wydawnictw Statystycznych, Warszawa 2011. 15. Wysocki MJ, Zejda JE: Epidemiologia chorób niezakaźnych w Polsce w drugiej połowie dwudziestego wieku, in Polish. (Epidemiology of chronic non-infectious diseases in Poland in the second half of 20th century.) Przegl Epidemiol 2007; 61: 615-628. 16. Biela U, Pająk A, Kaczmarczyk-Chałas K et al.: Częstość występowania nadwagi i otyłości u kobiet i mężczyzn w wieku 20-74 lat. Wyniki programu WOBASZ, in Polish. (Incidence of overweight and obesity in women and men between the ages of 20-74. Results of the WOBASZ program). Kardiol Pol 2005; 63: 6(Suppl 4), S632-S635. 17. Polakowska M, Piotrowski W: Incidence of diabetes in the Polish population. Results of the Multicenter Polish Population Health Status Study – WOBASZ. Pol Arch Med Wewn 2011; 121(5): 156-163. 18. Chalcarz W, Merkiel S: Wiedza żywieniowa rodziców dzieci przedszkolnych z Nowego Sącza i okolic. 2. Żywienie w profilaktyce chorób dietozależnych, in Polish. (Nutritional knowledge of parents of preschool children from Nowy Sącz and the vicinity. 2. Nutritional prevention of diet-related diseases.) Żyw Człow Metab 2009; 36: 390-395. 19. Chalcarz W, Merkiel S: Nutritional knowledge of the preschool staff from Nowy Sącz and the vicinity. Part 3. Rich sources of vitamins and minerals. New Med (Wars) 2010; 14: 79-83. 20. Chalcarz W, Merkiel S: Nutritional knowledge of the preschool staff from Nowy Sącz and the vicinity. Part 4. The role of nutrients and principles of composing a diet. New Med 2010; 14: 156-159. 21. Chalcarz W, Merkiel S: Wiedza żywieniowa rodziców dzieci przedszkolnych z Nowego Sącza i okolic. 5. Technologia przygotowania potraw, in Polish. (Nutritional knowledge of parents of preschool children from Nowy Sącz and the vicinity. 5. Preparing meals.) Rocz Państw Zakł Hig 2010; 61: 385-388. 22. MerkielS, Chalcarz W: Wiedza żywieniowa rodziców dzieci przedszkolnych z Nowego Sącza i okolic. 1. Wiedza ogólna o żywieniu dzieci, in Polish. (Nutritional knowledge of parents of preschool children from Nowy Sącz and the vicinity. 1. General principles of nutrition during childhood). Żyw Człow Metab 2009; 36: 385-389. 23. Merkiel S, Chalcarz W: Nutritional knowledge of the preschool staff from Nowy Sącz and the vicinity. Part 1. General principles of nutrition during childhood. New Med 2010; 14: 44-48. 24. Merkiel S, Chalcarz W: Nutritional knowledge of the preschool staff from Nowy Sącz and the vicinity. Part 2. Nutritional prevention of diet-related diseases. New Med 2010; 14: 49-52. 25. Merkiel S, Chalcarz W: Nutritional knowledge of the preschool staff from Nowy Sącz and the vicinity. Part 5. Preparing meals. New Med 2010; 14: 160-162. 26. Merkiel S, Chalcarz W: Wiedza żywieniowa rodziców dzieci przedszkolnych z Nowego Sącza i okolic. Część 3. Bogate źródła składników mineralnych i witamin, in Polish. (Nutritional knowledge of parents of preschool children from Nowy Sącz and the vicinity. 3. Rich sources of minerals and vitamins.) Nowa Pediatr 2010; 14: 15-20. 27. Merkiel S, Chalcarz W: Wiedza żywieniowa rodziców dzieci przedszkolnych z Nowego Sącza i okolic. 4. Rola składników pokarmowych i bilansowanie diety, in Polish. (Nutritional knowledge of parents of preschool children from Nowy Sącz and the vicinity. 4. The role of nutrients and principles of composing a diet.) Rocz Państw Zakł Hig 2010; 61: 379-383. 28. Ilow R, Regulska-Ilow B, Różańska D et al.: Występowanie czynników ryzyka chorób sercowo-naczyniowych w grupie 40- i 50-letnich mieszkańców Wrocławia. Część I, in Polish. (Prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease among 40- and 50-year-old inhabitants of Wroclaw. Part I.) Med Og Nauk Zdr 2012; 18(4): 427-434. 29. Pająk A, Wiercińska E, Polakowska M et al.: Rozpowszechnienie dyslipidemii u mężczyzn i kobiet w wieku 20–74 lat w Polsce. Wyniki programu WOBASZ, in Polish. (Prevalence of dyslipidemia in men and women between the ages of 20-74 in Poland. Results of the WOBASZ program.) Kardiol Pol 2005; 63, 6(Suppl 4): S620-S625.
otrzymano: 2014-05-23
zaakceptowano do druku: 2014-06-23

Adres do korespondencji:
*Sylwia Merkiel
Food and Nutrition Department of the Eugeniusz Piasecki University School of Physical Education in Poznań
Królowej Jadwigi 27/39 St., 61-871 Poznań, Poland
tel.: +48 (61) 835-52-87
e-mail: sylwiamerkiel@awf.poznan.pl

New Medicine 3/2014
Strona internetowa czasopisma New Medicine