© Borgis - Postępy Nauk Medycznych 5/2016, s. 362
Dorota Cianciara, PhD, Associate Professor
Public health is a theoretical and practical activity undertaken in order to prevent diseases, prolong life and improve its quality population-wide. In the past these tasks used to be carried out by doctors, however their activities were scattered and not contained in organization structures. In the beginning of the 20th century the period of structuring and consolidating of the public health started, it was also the time when a new occupation was created – public health specialist. In time, a clear distinction between medicine (so-called curative medicine) and public health was made. However, already in the 1970s, as a result of numerous circumstances, it was decided that the scopes of both of the areas were becoming closer and that it was necessary to cooperate and communicate. As a result the areas and occupations were tried to be integrated.
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